Thai Journal of Botany
Article's details
Title: Vegetation structure and plant species composition of the valley bottom wetland Gangtey-Phobji, Wangdue Phodrang, Bhutan
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Pages: 101 - 125
Year: 2564
Year No.: 13
Volume: 2   Show All Articles

Understanding wetland vegetation and plant species composition are crucial for wetland ecosystem restoration and sustainable biodiversity conservation. The floristic composition was collected with 170 stratified quadrat sampling of 1 × 1 m2, 4 × 4 m2 and 10 × 10 m2 for herbs, shrubs and trees. The results showed that a total of 241 species belonging to 173 genera and 75 families were found. Of these, they are 220 angiosperms, 3 gymnosperms, 5 bryophytes and 13 monilophytes. The most abundant life forms were herbaceous with 87%, shrub with 9% and 2% of trees and climbers in the wetland. The three different schematic profile diagram represents general vegetation structure and unique habitats of Gangtey-Phobji wetland,one of the largest high-altitude wetland. The conservation agencies can use the study findings for appropriate conservation of wetlands in the Himalayan, Bhutan.

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